Mountain Villages

On this page you will find some information about the following villages in Las Alpujarras: Capileira, Bubion, Pampaneira, Trevelez, Lanjaron & La Taha. These are the most known villages in this area. 

Capileira
Altitude: 1.436 m
Population: 559 inhabitants
‘This pleasant village with only 559 inhabitants is the last stop before the climb up to the Pico de Veleta.‘
The 1436 meters high village is worth a visit, the charming alleys and white houses invite you to explore it.

 

  • Church in Capileira: the first church was built in the middle of the 16th century, but was burnt down during the Morisco Rebellion and rebuilt at the beginning of the 17th century.
  • Cascajar Negro: a subterranean bunker with some unusual architecture, built during the Spanish Civil War and later used by the Spanish National Game Reserve. You can find this bunker on the western side of Mulhacén.
  • Lavaderos: outdoor washing places, represent very characteristic example of traditional usage in the area, as they were the main meeting places for the women of the village. Names of this lavaderos are; Lavadero de Capileira and Lavadero Nuevo de Capileira.
  • Molinos: you can find several molinos in Capileira like; Molino Zamorano (19th century) and Molinos de Gato de Hierro y Puente Chiscar.
  • Fiestas de la Virgen de la Cabeza: on the last Sunday in April. After spending the day in the countryside, in the evening the town folks take the statue of the Virgen on a procession around the streets of Capileira.
  • Romeria al Mulhacen de la Virgen de las Nieves: 5th of August, in honor of the Virgen of the Snows. It is traditional to set off on horseback at four o’clock in the morning for the mountain of Mulhacen. A mass is celebrated and people spend the day together, continuing the festivities in some farmhouses in Capileira.
  • Fiestas de la Virgen de la Cabeza: second week in August. It is the same as the celebrations in April.
  • Fiesta de la Castaña: start of November. Celebration in honor of the chestnut. Local residents and foreigners gather together in the village square where in the evening is a huge bonfire ‘mauraca’, and chestnuts are roasted in the embers. It is traditional to eat the roasted chestnuts and drink anis, a local aniseed-flavored liquor.
  • Puchero de Hinojos, a stew made from white kidney beans, bacon, potatoes and fennel.
  • Roscos Fritos,  a typical dessert, ring shaped pastries, made with eggs, flour sugar and cinnamon.
  • Barranco del Poqueira: gully on the south face of the Sierra Nevada has very steep sides with cultivated terraces, woodlands of oak and holm and low-mountain vegetation. Opportunities for hillwalking, gorge walking and paragliding, amongst other things. 
  • Barranco Mecina: the first gully through which the headwaters of the Rio Poqueira flow, home to black poplars, willows and elms. With the extreme steepness, it is perfect for gorge walking. 
  • Laguna y Puntal de La Caldera: an area of high peaks with high mountain meadows and wildlife, to the east of Mulhacén. The lake is a glacial cirque, at an altitude of 3.325 m.
  • Laguna de Aguas Verdes y Valle Rio Veleta: a lake and valley which lie at the bottom of the south side of Pico del Veleta.
  • Pico del Veleta: a 3.366m summit on the northern border of Capileira, next to Cerro de Los Machos, with impressive escarpments, boulder fields and high mountain pastures.
  • Raspones y Lagunas de Rio Seco: in the northern most part of Capileira, below the crests of the Rio Seco, this lake and area of erosion form the border which separates the glaciers on the north face of the Sierra Nevada.

Bubión
Altitude: 1.300 m
Population: 361 inhabitants
‘The most amazing views of the Barranco del Poqueira.‘ 

 

  • Ermita de San Antonio
  • Iglesia de Bubion: burnt out during the Morisco Rebellion, it was further destroyed by earthquakes in 1804 and was almost entirely rebuilt.
  • Lavadero de Bubion: an outdoor washing place with a tiled flat roof and sandstone eaves.
  • Taller del Telar: two textile looms in perfect working order, housed within a restored traditional dwelling. This is one of the few traditional textile mills which have been preserved in this region.
  • Traditional architecture: Tinaos de la Calle Alcalde Juan Perez Ramon and Tinao de la calle Trocadero, traditional roof terraces which can be seen in these streets.
  • Mills: Molino de Alguastar, on the left side of the Barranco del Tejar, and the Molino del Puente de Bubion, on the left riverbank of the Rio Poqueira.
  • Fiestas de San Anton: 17th of January. a feast in honor of Saint Anthony.
  • Fiestas de San Sebastian: in the middle of August. In honor of the saint Sebastian. As a grand finale to these festivities, the townsfolk celebrate ‘Entierro de la Zorro’, or burial of the fox vixen.
  • Famed for jamones and other cured meat, and also for its sopa de almendras, almond soup, made of garlic, onion, almonds, tomato and cured ham.  
  • Potaje de castañas, a dessert made from chestnuts, water and sugar.
  • Cascada del Tejar: a waterfall approximately 20 meters tall, falling in two steps. Riverside vegetation including ivy, chestnut trees, poplars and a few brooms. Located in the north of Bubion.
  • Puente del Tejar: bridge over a gully with a middle mountain environment, with riverside vegetation including chestnut trees of great age and bearing, as well as poplars and terraced cultivation lands.
  • Hoya del Portillo: a well-equipped recreation spot for organizing and restricting acces to the high peaks of the Sierra Nevada. Facilities include car parking spaces, an information point about the National Park, two viewpoints and a recreation area.
  • Museo Casa Alpujarreña: a traditional alpujarreña two-story house which is also a museum. It houses a collection of more than 500 items relating to traditional living area, amongst which you will see various presses and many other articles and tools. Located in Plaza de Bubion.
  • Museo de la Agriculture de Bubion: hosts a collection of elements pertaining to traditional agriculture in the Alpujarra. Outside you will see a threshing machine and a vintage tractor which is part of the museum exhibition. Located next to the threshing areas in Bubion.

Pampaneira
Altitude: 1.058 m
Population: 313 inhabitants
‘This cute village is famous for its urban design, folklore, cuisine, fiestas and crafts, shops with traditional popular crafts can be found here.‘ 

 

  • Church in Pampaneira
  • Poqueira Castle: is an old castle built on a rock. It was used to protect de old Taha de Poqueira, keeping watch over the Sierra Mecina, the Poqueira Valley and the Guadalfeo Valley. The castle dates from 11th and 12th centuries and you will find this castle in the eastern part of the municipality.
  • Lavadero del Cerrillo: is a rectangular washing place. Used as the main meeting point for women of the village, who would gather here to talk and do their washing.
  • Fuente de San Antonio: is a fountain cut into a stone wall. According to legend, anyone who drinks the water will instantly find a girlfriend or boyfriend. There are more fuentes in Pampaneira like; Fuente del Cerrillo and Fuente Gaseosa de Sonsoles.
  • Molinos: you can find several molinos in Pampaneira like; Molino de Placido Bajo, Molinos de Cabrera, Molino de Cachariche and Molino de Placido Alto.
  • Chisco de San Antón: 16th of January. In honor of St. Anthony. A large bonfire (‘Chisco’) is lit and enjoyed by all villagers.
  • Fiestas de San Blas: 3rd of February, in honor of St. Blaise.
  • Fiesta de Santa Cruz: 3rd of May.
  • Feria de Artesania, Agricola y de Turismo de La Alpujarra: 12th of October. The Alpujarra Crafts, Farming and Tourism Fair.
  • Fiesta de la Mauraca: in November. During this fiesta the local people roast chestnuts on an open fire.
  • Plato Alpujarreño is a typical Alpujarran dish made with peppers, onion, fried eggs, jamón, pork loin, mochilla (black pudding) and chorizo.

  • Another popular dish is Puchero de Cascarones, made with pancetta, pork backbone, cascarones (dried beans in their pods), potatoes and water.

  • Roscos de Manteca, are a typical dessert, made with lard, aguardiente (strong spirit), wine and sugar.

  • Barranco del Poqueira: Rio Poqueira flows down this steep gully, which is covered with pastureland and scattered holm oak trees. A good place for canyoning.
  • Rio Poqueira: is a beautiful river surrounded by riverside plants, blackberries and reeds. As well as chestnut trees and pastureland. You will find this river in the west of Pampaneira.
  • Tajo de los Machos: the summit of this mountain peak is 3.085 m above sea level. It divides the basins of two rivers; Rio Lanjaron and Rio Poqueira. Typical Sierra Nevada high mountain plants grow in this area in the far north of Pampaneira. 

Trevelez
Altitude: 1.476 m
Population: 852 inhabitants
‘The villagers claim that they live in the highest village in Spain.‘
They also say that they have the best Iberican ham that exsists! The ham is actually from other areas, but the pure air that flows through the dryeries and the special circumstances, produce a very special ham, that is world-famous!

 

  • Church in Trevélez: the original, newly built 16th century church was destroyed by the Moors during the uprising. It was rebuilt, and has undergone various changes over the years. The church is of great symbolic and scenic value for the village.
  • Ermita de San Antonio: this very tall shrine dates from the 17th-18th centuries and is found in the villages Barrio Medio (middle district). 
  • Ruins on Mulhacén: three dry stone buildings once used as small mountain refuges. Built by local people and soldiers in 1867 to be used as the geodetic link between Europe and Africa. Boabdil’s father, Abu I Hasan, known as Muley Hacén in Spain, asked to be buried here, and that is how the mountain was given its name.
  • Chisco de San Anton: 16th of January. Bonfires are set alight in honor of St. Anthony, as the villagers ask the saint to protect the area’s crops and animals.
  • Fiestas Patronales de San Antonio: 13th and 14th of June. In honor of the patron saint, St. Anthony.
  • Fiestas de San Benito: 11th of July. In honor of St. Benedict. This fiesta began to celebrated again a few years ago. A delicious potato dish, papas de matanza, is prepared for everyone who takes part.
  • Romeria al Mulhacen de la Virgen de las Nieves: 5th of August. Every year since 1912. Ever since the Sierra Nevada National Park was created, the people have walked to the top of Mulhacen.
  • Feria de Ganado: 19th and 20th of October. Livestock fair.
  • Truchas con jamón, trout with ham.
  • Sopa de ajo con jamón, a soup made with stale bread, garlic, eggs, oil, jamón and smoked paprika.
  • Cañada de Siete Lagunas: glacial landscape with seven lakes, surrounded by borreguiles, unique high mountain plant ecosystems found in wet areas. Below the northwest municipal border, at the foot of Mulhacén.
  • Cerro Pelao: 3.182 m above sea level. By the gully of the Rio Trevelez.
  • Este del Mulhacen: the highest mountain in the Iberian Peninsula, standing at 3.482m above sea level, with high mountain wildlife and pasture.
  • Laguna de las Calderetas: set of cirque lakes carved out by a glacier, beneath the mountain peaks. Other lakes in the area: Laguna de Peñón Negro, Laguna de Vacares-Puntal de Vacares and Lagunas Juntillas.

Lanjaron
Altitude: 659 m
Population: 3.908 inhabitants
‘Lanjaron is known for its mineral and medicinal water. The spa is founded here in the 17th century.‘ 

 

  • Lanjarón Castle: built in the 12th and 13th centuries for defensive purposes, to keep watch over the village and as refuge for the people. The castle is to the southwest of Lanjaron.
  • Iglesia Ntra. Sra. de la Encanacion: this church dates from the 16th century and beginning of the 17th. It was built to replace the previous church, which was burnt down in 1568. It is a good example of a Mudejar church with Baroque and historicist elements.
  • Capilla de la Virgen del Pilar: built in the 19th century, this chapel has an unusual spire with slate tiles which look like fish scales.
  • Ermita de San Roque: this shrine dates from the end of the 16th century and beginning of the 17th. There is an interesting altarpiece inside.
  • Fuente de las Adelfas: the water that flows out of this fountain has a unique taste. Located just before the viewpoint La Cañona, where you can see the village’s old canon.
  • Pilarillo Vuelto or de las Cuatro Esquinas: this is one of the few fountains in the village that have kept their original design.
  • Manantial de la Capuchina: this is one of the most well-known and loved springs in Lanjaron. The water is known for its ‘side affects’. It has a weak mineralization and is rich in chloride, sodium, calcium and iron, perfect for people who suffer from gastrointestinal pain and liver problems.
  • Manantial del Cenete: a small through-like basin with a spout. It is one of Lanjaron’s most well-known fountains, used since the olden days to supply the village with water.
  • Fiestas de San Sebastian: 20th of January. A group of musicians walks the streets of Lanjaron, stopping at the images of the saints dotted around the village. Different tunes are played at each stop.
  • San Anton: in January.
  • Semana Santa: March or April. 
  • Fiestas de San Marcos: 25th of April. Villagers attend a church service and bless their bread, a ritual thought to prevent evil.
  • Dia de la Cruz: 3rd of May. Local people wear traditional clothes and walk up to the Tajo de la Cruz in a procession. Everyone carries their own Hornazo, a small pastry with a hard-boiled egg in the middle.
  • Dia de San Isidro: 15th of May. 
  • Fiesta del Agua y del Jamón – Fiesta de San Juan: 24th of June. Celebrating water and jamón. Water and fire are the two key elements of this fiesta. The famous Noche del Agua, is an hour long water fight. Nobody can avoid getting wet and the crowds call for buckets of water from surrounding houses.
  • Fiesta de la Parva: beginning of August. Parva, the process of threshing crops that used to be carried out each year by local farmers. Crop-treshing consists of separating the wheat from the chaff, with the help of a threshing machine and a mule. During this celebration, the people eat Puchero de Parva (crop-treshing stew) and sorta de parva and drink anisette.
  • Fiestas Patronales en honor a Ntra. Sra. del Rosario: 7th of October.
  • La Castañada: beginning of November. Locally grown chestnuts are roasted and eaten with a glass of anisette and Gachas de los Santos, a traditional sweet toasted flour dessert. The evening is topped off with outdoor dancing.
  • Potaje de castañas, sweet chestnut puree. Ajopollo, a dressing made with oil, bread and almonds. Jayuyo, a sort of flat bread eaten with ham and oil and Puchero de hinojos, fennel stew.

  • Source of the Rio Lanjaron: glacial landscape and high mountain ecosystems, of exceptional scenic value. Located between the crests of the Cuerda de La Dehesa and the foothills of the Tajo de Los Machos.
  • Cerro del Caballo: peak with impressive views. It is the first of the peaks which stand over three thousand meters above sea level in the western part of the Sierra Nevada massif.
  • Castañar de la Huerta: this chestnut forest is home to a wide variety of different mammals, including badgers and wild boar, and birds, such as blackbirds and golden oriole. Located in the north of Lanjaron, on the western slope of the valley.
  • Eucalyptus Forest: this forest is home to a large number of different bird species. The remains of the old mines and ochre factory are also found in the wood, as well as a spring beneath a rock. You can find the forest to the southwest of Lanjaron, near the Barranco del Salado.
  • Lagunas: Laguna Cuadrada, Laguna de Baro, Laguna de Bolaños, Laguna de Najera, Laguna del Caballo, Lagunilla del Lavadero de la Reina.
  • Pinar de Prado Abarca: the trees in this forest are almost all large replanted pine trees.
  • Tello Forest Reserve: unfortunately, the many conifers in this forest reserve, which include a number of enormous redwoods, were destroyed not long ago by a devastating fire.
  • Tajo Colorao: a large, orange-coloured limestone rock with vertical sides. It starts at El Visillo and reaches the outskirts of the farm at the Cortijo de la Haza del Olivo.
  • Adecuación Recreativa Huerta de las Monjas: picnic and barbecue site to the north of Lanjaron. On the hillside on the right bank of the Rio Lanjaron.
  • Balneario de Lanjaron: spa on the road into Lanjaron from Granada.
  • Museo del Agua: water, weather and hard work are the basic ingredients of Lanjarons history, and are examined in this museum.

La Taha
Altitude: 1.295 m
Population: 692 inhabitants
‘Peaceful Peaks‘
The municipality was established in 1975 and is made up in 7 villages: Pitres, Capilerilla, Mecina, Mecinilla, Fondales, Ferreirola and Atalbeitar.

 

  • Pitres: is the capital and geographical centre of La Taha. The village church was built on the foundations of the old mosque and has a distinctive narrow tower, which has become a sort of unofficial symbol of Pitres.

  • Capilerilla: this is the highest village in La Taha. Villagers can enjoy exceptional views of the whole La Taha. The remains of the oldest church in the whole Alpujarra can still be seen here.

  • Mecina: key features include the church and the villages urban design. There is also a spring here which supplies aqua agria, water with a high mineral content.

  • Baño de Panjuila in Ferreirola: these natural baths are filled with water from the Fuente de Panjuila, a source which emerges at 1.074m above sea level. The baths contain medicinal mineral water and were used in the 18th and 19th centuries. You can find them in the eastern part of Ferreirola, and can be reached by climbing the twisting Escarihuelas de Ferreirola, on the northern slopes of the Sierra de la Corona.

  • Fountains: for example; Fuente Escarda,  Fuente Marujo, Fuente del Cementerio and much more.

  • Fiesta de la Virgen de la Candelaria in Atalbeitar: First week in February. This fiesta in honor of Our Lady of Candlemas, takes a form of a procession through the village. Participants used to hold candles, but these have now been replaced by sparkles.
  • Fiesta de San Francisco de Paula in Capilerilla: First weekend in April. After the church service, a small feast consisting of roscos (ring shaped pastries), buñuelos (sweet fritters) and local wine is provided by the local women, a procession carries the Saint through the streets of Capilerilla.
  • Fiesta de San Roque in Pitres: 15th, 16th, 17th of August. The fiesta starts with an opening speech followed by the presentation of the Environment Awards (a lighthouse or a miniature sailing boat). During this event, the population of Pitres multiplied several times.
  • Fiesta de San Marcos and Fiesta de San Cayetano in Mecina and Mecinilla: First weekend in August. On the last day of the fiestas, an enormous paella is prepared for everyone to enjoy.
  • Fiesta de la Virgen de Gracia in Atalbeitar: second weekend in August. This celebration brings hubbub and cheer to this small village, but the fiesta is still quite intimate, almost like a family affair.
  • Fiesta de La Santa Cruz in Ferreirola: Third weekend of August. A procession of people, young and old, dressed as mourners walks through the village streets, carrying a dead fox and crying about its death, then setting alight. The model of the fox is stuffed with all sort of fireworks and sparklers.
  • Fiesta de Virgen del Rosario in Fondales: First weekend of October. This is the last fiesta of the year, bringing the municipality’s calendar of festivities to a close.
  • Migas, cold meats and sausages, shoulders of pork, platos alpujarreños, sobrehúsa (an Andalusian stew).

  • Papaviejos, made with virgin olive oil, milk, eggs and flour.

  • Barranco de la Sangre: this impressive gully is a very valuable geomorphological feature and is perfect for sports of low environmental impact. In the western part of La Taha, running from north to south.
  • Chestnut Forest in Capilerilla: an area impressive gullies through which the Rio Trevelez flows. Rock climbing equipment has been installed here. In the southwest of La Taha, El Arrabal.
  • Confluence of the Rio Trevelez and Rio Poqueira: Rock Climbing area.
  • Los Arrabales: mountainous area with scattered holm oak forest and scrubland, with views of Poqueira Castle. You can find this in the western part of La Taha, between the viewpoint on the road (the Mirador de la Carretera) and Los Arrabales.
  • Pechos de las Escarihuelas: mountain area with replanted pine forest and scrubland.
  • Rio Bermejo: Gully with chestnut and almond trees and blackberries, with numerous mills along the river. The river flows through the eastern part of the municipal district, from north to south.
  • Rio Trevelez: impressive gully where the river flows down between two vertical rock faces. There are canyoning facilities here. The river flows down from the Pecho de las Escarihuelas to El Arrabal.
  • Sierra de Mecina: mountain range running from east to west. Most of the vegetation here is replanted pine forest.
  • Tajo del Trance: vertical rock face in a pretty setting with scattered holm oaks, scrubland and terraced farmland. To the east of Ferreirola, on the left bank of the Barranco del Castañar.
  • Tajos de la Junta: river erosion has cut out a very steep gully here, perfect for Rock Climbing and canyoning. In the north of La Taha, next to the forest track at 1.700m above sea level.
  • Castaño Centrón: this enormous chestnut tree produces so many chestnuts and is so large that it is not just famous in the Alpujarra. There is a local saying: ‘El Castaño Centrón, conocido hasta el Japón.’ which means people knowing these trees in countries as far as Japan.

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